History of Scrambler Motor

History of Scrambler

Maybe two world motorcycles that nickname will be pinned to the scrambler. The nickname actually refers to the results of modifications that are intended for all types of terrain, both steep and uphill as well as asphalt fields. Because in addition to the modification, now a number of two-wheeled vehicle manufacturers also make motorcycle models the manufacturer’s standard scrambler.

When explored further, the naming of custom motorcycle scrambler was taken from the name of a motorcycle race that took place in England around the 1920s. In the race that has the right to be a champion is a motor that is able to obtain the fastest record time from a predetermined distance.

Although the ones who are rated are the fastest, but there are no boundaries to be traversed, the racers are free to choose the path either through the hills, muddy roads, or various other difficult and steep terrain.

Because at that time the motorbike was still standard, the drivers finally custom-made the motorbike so that it could be invited to cross various road conditions. Some of the custom provided include, the wheels are replaced with coarse threaded material or the current term, with threaded know ’material in the form of boxes.

Then the motor posture is also elevated to get a higher ground clearance, so the motor does not get stuck easily when crossing several bumps. In addition to the exhaust gas silencer is also changed its location, the exhaust is positioned protrudes higher.

Furthermore, namely the seat, made thinner, the model is made evenly between the rider and the passenger seat. One reason for the many motorcycles with this style of modification on the streets is the easy application.

Actually, this custom motor scrambler has many similarities with cafe racer. Where bikers modify their motorbikes into racing specs for street racing from cafe to cafe. Almost the same, scrambler is also used for road racing but passes the fastest lane from the start point to the finish point. The fastest path earlier, did not care about the asphalt, soil, mud, river or the like.

But apparently, the custom motor scrambler that we often see today is version 2.0, which is more concerned with appearance than function.

So the current scrambler, coupled with a vintage feel for the nostalgia of ancient scramblers. Oh yes, the flow of the custom motor scrambler is also adapted by the world’s motorcycle manufacturers for its products. Now, the big company try to giving a customer for the standard scrambler bike like Ducati Scrambler, Triumph Bonneville Scrambler, Moto Guzzi V7 Stornello Scrambler, BMW RnineT Scrambler.

The Difference between Scrambler & Care Racer

The vehicle modification creative industry, especially custom flow, is increasingly in demand by the public. Variety is very rich in style, just say for example scrambler, bobber, japstyle, chopper, and so on.

Material of custom motorcycles is not only a large engine which is usually produced in Europe or America. Motorbikes made by Japan and India are also widely used as material modification, call it the Honda family with a generation of GL engines, Yamaha with Scorpio, Suzuki with Thunder 250.

Retro-style motorcycle modification is arguably on the rise today. Quite a lot of naked sport motorbike owners today change their mounts to old-fashioned motor sports. Retro-style modifications have many streams, including scramblers and cafe racers. At first glance for the size of a layman, it is quite difficult to distinguish the two types of motorcycles.

Unlike the case with a chooper that can be physically identified from a high handlebars model. Although it sounds similar, there is a difference between scrambler and café racer. The first thing that distinguishes scrambler and cafe racer is handlebars. Custom motorbike cafe racers use wide handlebars or under the triangle (fork). While the custom motor scrambler uses ordinary handlebars like motor sport in general.

When looking back, cafe racer modification does refer to the old motor racing. So that the handlebar model also uses motorcycle racing handlebars that require the driver to drive in a bent position. The next difference, lies in the tire. Scrambler is a motor that can be used on-road and off-road. So that the tire used uses the dual purpose type. Existing grip on the scrambler and cafe racer is not fully applied.

Cafe racer which is currently widely used is no longer pure cafe racer. But brat style cafe racer. So that the back is no longer using the wasp tail model. The same is true for scramblers. The grip of the scrambler motor should use a high exhaust position like a dirt bike. But many owners feel uncomfortable. So that the position of the exhaust is still left like a motorcycle in general.

It’s important to remember, even though the scrambler model is visually eliminating standard motorcycle features that are felt unnecessary. But it all aims to combine the elements of simplicity coupled with the strength of the character of this model.

In general, the characteristic of a scrambler motorcycle is the adaptation of a road motorcycle to an all-terrain motorcycle. Custom scrambler motors must meet the requirements such as lightweight, simple, strong and reliable.

The key characteristics of Scrambler are:

  • Muffler is mounted higher
  • Seat short and soft
  • Engine torque evenly distributed
  • Simple and simple display
  • Lightweight additional components
  • The tank is smaller than the original
  • Mini panels and indicators
  • Offroad tires and spokes wheels

As explained earlier, this flow has a similar appearance to a café racer style motorbike but with a normal handlebar like a normal sports motorbike. Because a custom scramble motorbike is a motor that can be used on-road and off-road, this motorbike must use dual-purpose tires so that the grip is maximized. Everyone has their own desires in choosing a vehicle.

Through custom motors, people can change the appearance of their vehicles according to their respective characters. That is the reason that makes many people love custom motorcycles.

Ducati Scrambler Sixty2

Ducati is very lucky to regenerate Scrambler in the modern era, after success in the 60s to 70s, this modern retro-style motorbike turned out to be booming again. Sales of the manufacturer from Borgo Panigalle, Italy also jumped sharply.

So that more and more people can feel the pleasure of the Scrambler, Ducati released the smallest engined variant, Sixty2 which is only 400 cc, after previously there was an 800 cc variant.

The design

The appearance of this motorbike is really scrambler as the name suggests, ready to be invited to ‘naughty’. The new scrambler still leaves a little memory of its old glory. For example the tank area whose shape is still similar.

Scrambler character is further strengthened by the high and wide handlebars, as well as the use of dual purpose tires. The small front fender does make it cool because it has a simple impression, but dirt is easily thrown free when passing off-road roads.

Features & Technology

Starting from the front of the rounded headlights surrounded by LEDs to sweeten the appearance.

Look a little back, the usual telescopic front suspension is 41 mm in diameter, while the 800 cc version uses upside down. Look down, there are 18 inch diameter rims in the front and 17 inches for the back.

Its banana-style swing arm is steel with rear suspension right on the left side. While from the braking side, the front disc is 320 mm in diameter with Brembo 2 piston calipers, 245 mm rear Brembo calipers clamped. For safety equipped with ABS (Antilock Brake System), interestingly this feature can be turned off via the menu on the speedometer.

Full digital speedometer has a simple display but easy to monitor, because the numbers and letters have a large size. It contains information on speed, odometer, A & B trip, air temperature, side stand status, hours, rpm, battery voltage, and service schedule. Brightness of light can be arranged in 3 choices, namely high, medium, and low. There is also a shift light that will blink at 12,000 rpm.

Uniquely the button to turn the hazard into one with the turn signal, how to turn it on by holding the turn signal to the left for 3 seconds, to turn off quite like turning off the signal.

The bottom of the seat there is little place to carry luggage in small forms, such as dust cloth or gloves. The tool kit is complete, with an L key and rear suspension adjustment in addition to a screwdriver.

Riding Position & Handling

Rider with 168 cm posture feels very friendly with this bike. Yep because the seat height is only 790 mm, but unfortunately the seat foam feels hard so it makes the butt heat quickly, while for thicker pillion. When stopped, the legs still bend when touching the asphalt, thus giving a sense of confidence when driving it. In addition footstep is also in front, so the driving position is relaxed.

Moreover, the handlebars are tall and wide, the effect is the shoulders and arms don’t get afternoon quickly, apparently Sixty2 has agile handling. With a net weight of only 165 kg, like driving a 250 cc motorbike.

The suspension is comfortable whether driving alone or tandem. Although comfortable but remains stable because it has a slow rebound character. To adjust the character and weight of the rider, the rear suspension is equipped with 5 spring adjuster settings, the rider weighing 57 kg is enough in step 3 only.


Equipped with L-twin cylinder engine with 72 mm bore and 49 mm stroke, Desmodromic 2 valves in each cylinder. The engine response character is smooth so it is suitable for bikers who have just started a class or for riding in the city.

Ducati’s distinctive roar of the typical engine still sounds clear, even though the muffler is quiet. And there is a slight vibration felt in the foot area until the engine rotates at 6,000 rpm. But when it touches 8,000 rpm, the engine thumps instantly feels attractive to the limiter at 12,000 rpm.

Naturally, because this motor has a stack of peak power at the rpm, the maximum power claim is 41 hp and the torque is 34.6 Nm. Measured using Racelogic, to cover 0-100 km / h only takes 6.9 seconds, while to bulldoze from 0 to 402 meters records 15.5 seconds with a speed of 139 km / h.

The gearshift character feels smooth and tight, so the rpm drops a little. The soft clutch adds to the driving pleasure. But unfortunately the gas feels heavy, maybe because it only relies on 1 cable. One more thing to remember is that the heat envelops the left ankle because it is parallel to the engine.

Fuel consumption

Guess how thirsty this 399 cc motorbike is? Invited to travel daily through various road conditions and traffic jams, this motorbike registers 18.2 kilometers for one liter of RON 95 gasoline.


  • Type: L-Twin cylinder, Desmodromic distribution, 2 valves per cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 399 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 72 mm x 49 mm
  • Compression ratio: 10.7: 1
  • Power: 41 hp @ 8,750 rpm
  • Torque: 34.6 Nm @ 8,000 rpm
  • Fuel injection: Electronic fuel injection, 50 mm diameter throttle body
  • Exhaust: Exhaust system with a single stainless steel muffler, aluminum tail pipe cover; catalytic converter and 2 lambda probes
  • Emissions: Euro 4
  • Clutch: Wet multiplate clutch with mechanical control
  • Frame: Tubular steel Trellis frame
  • Front suspension: Traditional Showa 41 mm fork
  • Front wheel: Lightweight alloy, 10-spoke, 3.00 x 18
  • Front tire: Pirelli MT 60 RS 110/80-R18
  • Rear suspension: Kayaba rear shock with fully adjustable preload
  • Rear wheel: Lightweight alloy, 10-spoke, 4.50 x 17
  • Rear tire: Pirelli MT 60 RS 160/60-R17
  • Front brake: 320 mm disc, 2-piston floating caliper with ABS as standard
  • Rear brake: 245 mm disc, 1-piston floating caliper with ABS as standard
  • Wheelbase: 1,460 mm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 14 liters
  • Dry weight: 167 kg
  • Wet weight: 183 kg
  • Seat height: 790 mm-770 mm low seat available as an accessory
  • Max height: 1,165 mm (brake oil tank)
  • Max width: 860 mm (mirrors)
  • Max length: 2,150 mm

Test Data:

  • 0–60 km / h: 3.1 seconds
  • 0–80 km / h: 4.6 seconds
  • 0–100 km / h: 6.9 seconds
  • 0–100 m: 6.4 seconds (@ 96.5 km / h)
  • 0–201 m: 9.9 seconds (@ 119 km / h)
  • 0–402 m: 15.5 seconds (@ 139 km / h)
  • Gasoline consumption: 18.2 km / lt

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